Once the frosts have blackened their foliage, lift Dahlia tubers and Begonia tubers and store them somewhere dry, cool but frost-free for the winter. To make lifting easier in future why not use a bulb basket buried in the soil.
Lift and divide your herbaceous perennials to create vigorous new plants - it's also a chance to rearrange your borders!
Plant your daffodil bulbs, allium bulbs and tulip bulbs now! For help with planting spring bulbs take a look at our 'How to plant bulbs, corms and tubers' article.
October is the ideal month for planting new trees, perennial plants. For help with planting trees and shrubs take a look at our 'How to plant trees and shrubs' article. For advice on growing perennial plants click here.
Re-plant spent summer containers with winter bedding plants. Now is also the ideal time to plant winter hanging baskets to brighten up walls and fences. Make sure you incorporate some SwellGel to help the soil remain moist; even in cold weather hanging baskets and containers can dry out.
Plant your garlic now for bigger crops next summer. If you don't have the space for growing garlic at the moment consider spring-planting garlic or try growing garlic in containers.
Prune any fruited raspberry canes on your summer raspberries if you haven't done so already. Cut the canes right back to ground level and tie in the new green canes to support wires or fencing.
Tidy up around your strawberry plants, removing dead leaves and old straw. This improves air circulation and reduces the risk of pests and diseases building up over winter.
Autumn is the best time of year to improve your lawn. Trying aerating it with a garden fork, raking dead plant material (thatch) from the surface and repairing bare patches. Clear up fallen leaves regularly in the autumn to allow light and air to the grass.
Re-use the compost from your annual container displays as a soil improver, or to mulch around your perennials plants, trees and shrubs.
Install compost bins in your garden ready to fill with autumn leaves, dead plant material and woody prunings. Make sure you layer these plant materials with grass clippings or vegetable kitchen waste to aid the composting process.
Protect your half-hardy plants by packing the crown with shredded paper or straw and securing it in place with a layer of horticultural fleece or hessian sacks. Alternatively bring your plants into a greenhouse or conservatory.
October is a good time to plant bare-root fruit trees as this gives the trees time to establish roots whilst the soil is still warm, resulting in vigorous growth next spring.